Your child can also Play and be Active like Other Kids by Correcting their CHD with Pediatric Cardiology

According to pediatric cardiology, congenital heart defect (CHD) is a problem that arises due to abnormal heart structure when a child is born with it. Some CHDs are simple and allow the children to be active like other normal kids and do not require treatment. However, there are complex CHDs that also need numerous surgeries performed over several years. At the end of these surgeries, the child can lead a normal life and be active. But before availing of the treatment, you need to know in detail about the heart defect, the condition of your child, and how it can affect their lives in the common years.

What are the Different Types of CHD a Child can have?

The different types of CHD that children can suffer from are as follows.

  • ASD or Atrial Septal Defect
  • Bicuspid aortic valve
  • Congenital Mitral valve anomalies
  • Ebstein anomaly
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
  • Long QT syndrome
  • PDA or Patent Ductus and truncus Arteriosus
  • Pulmonary atresia with ventricular septum defect and intact ventricular septum
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Great arteries transposition
  • VSD or Vnetricular Septal Defect
  • Atrioventricular canal defect
  • Aorta coarctation
  • Double-outlet right ventricle
  • Eisenmenger syndrome
  • Kawasaki disease
  • Partial anomalous pulmonary venous return
  • Patent foramen ovale
  • Pulmonary valve stenosis
  • TAPVR or Total Anomalous Pulmonary Venous Return
  • Tricuspid atresia
  • Vascular rings
  • WPW or Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome


What is the most common CHD in children?

The most common CHD for which you have to consult a pediatric cardiology specialist is superventricular tachycardia. It is a type of arrhythmia with a faster heart rate (tachycardia).

What are the symptoms of CHD in children?

Pediatric cardiology specialists can notice CHD soon after birth or during the first few months of the children’s lives. Symptoms and signs of CHD in children include:

  • Blue or pale gray lips, fingernails, or tongue
  • Swelling in the belly, legs, or areas surrounding the eyes
  • Quick breathing
  • Breath shortness during feeding sessions, resulting in poor weight gain

Often pediatric cardiology doctors cannot recognize lesser serious or visible congenital heart defects until later in their childhood. The symptoms of CHD in little older children are:

  • Easy breath shortness during activity or exercise
  • Fainting during activity or exercise
  • Easily getting tired during normal activity or exercise
  • Fainting during activity or exercise

Just after born, if you observe any of the symptoms or signs mentioned above, consult your pediatric cardiology doctor instantly. 

Causes and Treats of CHD in Children


There are no known causes for CHD in children. Most people have a misconception that it occurs primarily due to mothers doing something during their pregnancy. But it is wrong. Nothing can be attributed to a heart defect. Some heart problems occur due to hereditary or genetic problems. Other CHDs can occur if a mother suffers from a disease or takes medicines like anti-seizure medicines during pregnancy. However, mostly, there are no recognizable causes for CHD in children.


There can be complex or simple congenital heart defects. Pediatric cardiologists can manage some CHD problems with regular monitoring and medicines, while other CHDs might need cardiac catheterization or heart surgery. Surgeons might perform these surgeries during the baby’s birth or later in their lives. 

Sometimes, children also grow out some of the CHDs like ASD or PDA on their own. If not cured with age, pediatric cardiology doctors might need numerous operations, ongoing care, or catheter interventions for their entire lives.  

Wrapping it up

Pediatric cardiologists treat children with CHD by diagnosing the problem and managing their health before and after the surgery. It is imperative to know which type of congenital heart defect your child is suffering from and what type of care they need. Whatever their problem is, only an experienced pediatric cardiology doctor can resolve it and give them a normal life back.

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