Here’s how you can choose the correct health insurance

Our health is of utmost importance, and unexpected medical emergencies can be financially overwhelming. That’s why having the correct health insurance plan is crucial. A mediclaim policy offers financial cover for medical expenditures, ensuring you get the required treatment with zero need for incurring heavy financial burdens. Selecting the correct policy requires in-depth consideration of your needs and preferences. 

Here’s a walk through on the stepwise approach to help you select the correct health insurance plan that suits your requirements.

Stepwise measures to choose the correct health insurance

Assess your healthcare needs

Evaluate your medical history, current health status, and potential future requirements to determine the coverage amount and types of medical treatments you may need in your mediclaim policy

Research insurance providers

Thoroughly investigate reputable insurance companies that offer health insurance policies in India. Consider their reputation, customer reviews, claim settlement ratio, and financial stability.

Understand policy coverage

Analyse the coverage provided by each policy, including hospitalisation expenses, pre- and post-hospitalisation, day-care procedures, critical illness coverage, and maternity benefits.

Network hospitals

Check the list of network hospitals associated with each insurance provider. Ensure that the network hospitals include reputable healthcare facilities in your vicinity.

Evaluate waiting periods

Understand the waiting periods associated with pre-existing conditions, specific treatments, and maternity coverage. Opt for policies with shorter waiting periods.

Co-payment and deductibles

Familiarise yourself with the co-payment and deductible clauses in the policy. Opt for policies with lower or no co-payment and deductibles to reduce your out-of-pocket expenses.

Consider family coverage

If you have dependents, evaluate family floater plans that provide coverage for your entire family under a single policy. Assess the coverage limit and premium cost accordingly.

Compare premiums

Compare premiums from different insurance providers based on the coverage and benefits offered. Consider affordability while ensuring adequate coverage.

Check claim settlement process

Understand the claim settlement process of the insurance provider, including the ease of filing claims and the turnaround time for claim settlement.

Review exclusions

Carefully review the policy’s exclusions, such as pre-existing conditions, specific treatments, or certain illnesses. Ensure that the policy covers your anticipated healthcare needs.

Additional riders

Explore optional riders like critical illness cover, accidental cover, or hospital cash benefit to enhance your health insurance coverage.

Evaluate the policy renewal process

Understand the policy’s renewal terms, including the grace period for premium payment, continuity benefits, and the process for portability to another insurer.

Consider sub-limits

Assess if the policy has sub-limits on specific medical procedures or room rent charges. Opt for policies with minimal or no sub-limits to avoid unexpected out-of-pocket expenses.

Maternity coverage

If you plan to start a family, look for policies that offer comprehensive maternity coverage, including pre- and post-natal care, delivery expenses, and newborn baby coverage.

Check network coverage

Ensure that the policy offers a wide network coverage across India, especially if you frequently travel or reside in different cities.

Evaluate customer support

Consider the efficiency and responsiveness of the insurance provider’s customer support services. Prompt assistance during emergencies is crucial.

Understand claim settlement ratio

Research the claim settlement ratio of the insurance provider. Higher ratios indicate better chances of hassle-free claim settlement.

Seek expert advice

Consult with a trusted insurance advisor or financial planner who can provide personalised guidance based on your specific requirements and budget.

Read policy documents

Thoroughly read and understand the policy documents, including terms and conditions, coverage limits, and claim procedures, before making a final decision.

Seek recommendations

Seek recommendations from friends, family, or colleagues who have had positive experiences with their health insurance policies. Personal referrals can be valuable.

Consider inflation protection

Look for policies that offer inflation protection by providing an adequate sum insured those accounts for the rising healthcare costs.

Assess the claim process

Evaluate the ease and convenience of the claim filing process. Online and cashless claim facilities can simplify the reimbursement process.

Check for tax benefits

Confirm if the health insurance policy is eligible for tax benefits under Section 80D of the Income Tax Act, which allows deductions for health insurance premiums paid.

Review the waiting period for pre-existing conditions

Understand the waiting period associated with pre-existing conditions. Opt for policies with shorter waiting periods or those that waive waiting periods in case of a continued policy.

Seek transparency in policy terms

Choose an insurance provider that maintains transparency in its policy terms and conditions, ensuring you are aware of all aspects of the policy.

Evaluate the policy’s network of specialists

If you have a specific medical condition that requires specialised treatment, check if the policy’s network includes reputed specialists in that field. Having access to the right doctors can significantly impact the quality of care you receive.

Consider the policy’s claim settlement process for cashless hospitalisation

Cashless hospitalisation allows you to receive treatment without paying upfront. Understand the process and requirements for cashless claims to ensure a smooth and hassle-free experience during emergencies.

Assess the policy’s coverage for alternative treatments

If you prefer alternative or complementary treatments such as Ayurveda, Homeopathy, or Naturopathy, ensure that the policy offers coverage for these treatments, as it aligns with your healthcare preferences.

Check for coverage of pre- and post-hospitalisation expenses

Apart from hospitalisation costs, consider policies that provide coverage for pre- and post-hospitalisation expenses, including diagnostic tests, medication, and follow-up consultations, as these can significantly impact your overall medical expenses.

Understand the policy’s no-claim bonus feature

Some health insurance policies offer a no-claim bonus, where the sum insured increases without an increase in premium for every claim-free year. Evaluate policies with this feature as it rewards you for maintaining good health.

Review the policy’s renewal age limit

Check the maximum age up to which the policy can be renewed. Opt for policies that offer lifetime renewal options, ensuring that you remain covered even during your senior years when medical needs are more likely to arise.


Selecting the correct health insurance plan is vital for every individual’s well-being and financial security. A comprehensive health insurance policy, or mediclaim policy provides peace of mind, protects against unforeseen medical expenses, and ensures timely medical treatment. It also offers tax benefits under Section 80D, reducing your tax liability. By adopting the step-by-step measures mentioned above, you can make better decision and select a health plan that meets your requirements, protecting your finances and health over the long term. Note that investing in the correct insurance policy is nothing but an investment for attaining financial stability and well-being. 

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